EVs in India: Safety & Sustainability

EVs in India: Safety & Sustainability

At a time when climate change is the most important issue facing the entire world, India has begun to ensure sustainable environmental measures, one of which is the introduction of Electric Vehicles, or EVs for short. Even though they are still in their infancy in India, electric vehicles have the potential to significantly reduce the country’s reliance on oil imports and drastically cut back on carbon emissions. The moment has come to widely promote electric mobility both domestically and internationally in keeping with the government’s aim for a sustainable future, but because of recent fire catastrophes involving EVs, consumers are reluctant to choose them. However, the Government of India has also adopted new battery policies in an effort to decrease the number of instances and boost consumer confidence.

EV Norms in India

  • The government modifies the regulations while taking consumer safety into account.
  • Safety standards and guidelines are currently envisioned and created in accordance with the working circumstances in India.
  • Each and every EV that travels on Indian roads will be made safe by the battery maker.

Even still, these modifications appear more gradual than profound. The circular economy is emphasized in the most recent regulations, and producers are required to employ domestic resources. The latest technologies might be deployed more quickly as a result. The announced rules of 2022 establish various goals for various battery types and the industries in which they are employed. Without uncertainty, the new EV battery guidelines will increase consumer trust in electric vehicle technology and speed up electrification.

The road transport ministry has added more safety requirements to the battery safety regulations in response to incidences of fire mishaps, which are typically seen in electric two-wheelers. In order to protect the public’s health and safety, the new requirements require the manufacturers to include safety fuses in System Safer batteries that lower the possibility of thermal runaway. Industry, society, and the environment will all benefit from it. It will increase the EV sector’s stability, quality, and efficiency.

Can we sustain ourselves as a country?

Let’s examine the infrastructures required for the new battery manufacturing sector, including the equipment required, the technology to be implemented, the skilled labor required, etc.

  • India will need to develop its own eco-system for locally making battery cells due to technical complexity, high capital intensity, and raw material availability in order to achieve mass-scale EV adoption and a competitive cost structure.
  • There will need to be more workers employed in battery manufacturing.
  • There is a substantial need for new, qualified workers, and the sector as a whole needs to make major efforts.
  • The nation needs an adequate supply of raw materials to sustain cell manufacturing.

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